Saturday, January 14, 2006

cosmetic surgery (plastic surgery)

Cosmetic surgery is a specialty that seeks to improve physical function or to minimize the scarring or disfigurement from accidents, birth defects and disease. Also called plastic surgery because the word plastic is derived from the Greek word meaning molding or giving form.
Cosmetic surgery can reshape facial and bodily features and is designed to improve an individual's appearance. Many elderly people seek cosmetic surgery to remove wrinkles and repair other unwanted cosmetic problems caused by a lifetime of exposure to sun and the natural aging process.
The following are the most common cosmetic surgical procedures.
• Rhytidectomy (facelift)-usually performed to remove excess or loose, sagging skin from the face and neck. The surgery can be done as an outpatient or in the surgeon's office.
• Submental Lipectomy-a procedure combined with a facelift to remove excessive fat from under the chin.
• Mammoplasty-breast alteration that can be either reduction or augmentation and is usually performed under general anesthesia.
• Liposuction (body fat reduction)-fat deposits on hips, thighs, buttocks, and abdomen are the prime areas for removal of excess fat. Fat deposits can also be removed from arms, knees, calves, upper torso, neck, and under the chin. This procedure is not a substitute for weight reduction and is not a cure for obesity.
• Rhinoplasty-surgery that corrects deformities of the external nose. It is most common cosmetic surgical procedure and the most difficult.
• Blepharoplasty-a surgical procedure to remove excess skin and protruding fatty tissue from upper and lower eyelids.
• Direct or midforehead brow lift--designed to remove skin just above the brows and to elevate the muscles around the eyes to improve drooping of the eyebrows.
• Forehead lift-elevates the eyebrows and diminishes forehead wrinkles and frown lines.
American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons, Inc. Pamphlets. Chicago, Ill.: 1984.

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