Sunday, January 15, 2006

dysphagia

Dysphagia is difficulty in swallowing. In the elderly, dysphagia is frequently caused by extraesophageal disease. The most common example of this is pseudobulbar palsy due to cerebrovascular disease. Intrathoracic lesions, like bronchial carcinoma or lymph nodes that are enlarged by metastatic spread, may press on or invade the esophagus. More than one possible cause can exist in a patient. A mild or severe stroke may bring on dysphagia.
See also CANCER, ESOPHAGEAL; ESOPHAGEAL STRICTURE.
Brocklehurst, J. C. Textbook of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology. New York: Churchhill Livingstone, 1985.

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