Sunday, January 15, 2006

fluid intake

Fluid intake is often inadequate in older individuals. If incontinence (inability to control urinary flow) is a problem, the older person may believe that by limiting his or her fluid intake control will be possible. Others simply do not get thirsty due to inactivity and therefore do not take in adequate fluids. For whatever reason, an elderly person can quickly become dehydrated, which can lead to very serious consequences. The older person needs to be reminded to drink sufficient fluids. Some older individuals find that it is easier to remember to drink fluids if they routinely drink a glass of fluid each time they take medicines. By carefully choosing fruit and vegetable juices and soups, additional nourishment, as well as additional fluid intake, can be provided. Water is an essential component of nutrition. Older individuals should drink approximately 1.3 quarts (7 glasses of 8 ounces each) of water daily unless they are on a specific restricted-fluids diet.
See also INCONTINENCE.
Scherer, J. C. Introductory Medical-Surgical Nursing, 3rd ed. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co., 1982.
Steinberg, F. U. Care of the Geriatric Patient, 6th ed. St. Louis: C. V. Mosby Co., 1983.

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