Sunday, January 15, 2006

folic acid deficiency

Folic acid deficiency is generally caused by nutritional deprivation. In the elderly, nutritional folic acid deficiency is seen in those who have poor access to an adequate diet, those who are chronic alcoholics, and those who use certain medications that inhibit the enzyme involved in normal absorption of folic acid through the intestinal wall. Other disorders of the small bowel may also be associated with folic acid deficiency. Symptoms of folic acid deficiency include fatigue, dizziness, pallor of the skin, diarrhea, dementia, neurologic symptoms, and weight loss.
Treatment of folic acid deficiency is usually oral folic acid and a well-balanced diet. In the alcoholic with folic acid deficiency, the simultaneous administration of folic acid with alcohol may inhibit the response to folic acid.
Ham, R. J. Geriatric Medicine Annual-I987.
Oradell, N.J.: Medical Economics Books, 1987. Phipps, W. J., et al. Medical Surgical Nursing. St. Louis: C. V. Mosby Co., 1983.
Reichel, W. Clinical Aspects of Aging. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins Co., 1979.

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