Sunday, January 15, 2006

memory, tertiary

Tertiary memory, or long-term memory, does not seem to be affected by the aging process. Fozard gave four pieces of evidence to support the theory that long-term memory does not decline with age. The four lines of evidence are:
1. The rate of forgetting for pictorial learning does not vary with age over a two-year period.
2. Material of significance learned under natural conditions 10 to 30 years earlier is easily recalled by adults.
3. Older people remember colloquial expressions and names of well-known events as well as young people do.
4. Total knowledge increases with age but efficiency of memory remains constant.
These results supported the theory that longterm memory does not decrease with age.
Brocklehurst, J. C. Textbook of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1985.
Fozard, J. L. "The Time for Remembering," in L. D. Poon, ed., Aging in the 1980's: Selected Contemporary Issues in the Psychology of Aging. Washington. D. C: American Psychological Association, 1980.


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