Sunday, January 15, 2006

U.S. National Institute on Aging (NIA)

The National Institute on Aging in Bethesda, Maryland, part of the National Institutes of Health, was created more than a decade ago through the efforts of the scientific and medical communities. In recent years the NIA budget has been about $140 million annually. In addition to studying the care and social problems of the elderly the NIA is in the forefront of medical research. In its pilot program, the NIA has focused on three prime areas of interest: genetics, neuroscience, and psychosocial factors. The foundation's purpose in genetic research is to discover which genes might cause the aging process. The second prime area of interest, neuroscience, focuses on the ability of the aging brain to repair damage from injury or disease-and in recent years Alzheimer's disease has been a major focus.
The third area of research, psychosocial factors, deals with factors such as the impact of stress and retirement on the elderly. Although the NIA primarily works on these three areas, they also conduct research in many other fields of medicine.
Roessing, W. "Aging Well," in Aging, Goldstein, E. C., ed. Vol. 3, Art. 6. Boca Raton. Fl.: Social Issues Resource Series, Inc., 1981.

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