Friday, October 13, 2006

Section 7: Medical Treatment of Glaucoma

The purpose of glaucoma treatment is to halt or slow down the progression of nerve damage. Because the optic nerve damage from glaucoma is irreversible, using glaucoma medications will not improve vision or restore visual field loss. Glaucoma is treated by lowering the intraocular pressure (IOP). The goal (or “target”) IOP after treatment depends on the individual eye and the status of optic nerve damage. Some patients may have nerve damage with IOP in the 20s (mm Hg) while others have worsening in the teens. Treatment should be tailored toward stabilization of an individual’s optic nerve and visual field. Most medical treatments for glaucoma involve eye drops (topical medications). Oral medications are also occasionally used to lower IOP.

Organization of this Chapter:
Section 7-A: Aqueous Production and Outflow
Section 7-B: Topical Glaucoma Medications
Section 7-C: Glaucoma Medication Classes
Section 7-D: Using Glaucoma Medications


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