Types of spondylolisthesis | Dr. Andrew Cash, MD Las Vegas, Nevada

By Brooke Strickland and Dr. Andrew Cash


Spondylolisthesis is a medical condition of the spine that means one of the vertebra slips forward or backward compared to the vertebra next to it.  There are six types of spondylolisthesis.  They are:

Congential spondylolisthesis:  This type is present at birth, and means that in the womb, there was some kind of abnormal bone growth that occurred.  When this happens, the patient has an increased risk of vertebra slipping.

Isthmic spondylolisthesis:  This type happens as a result of spondylolysis, which means that there are small stress breaks in the vertebrae.  When there are fractures present, the bone is weak and can more easily slip out of place.

Degenerative spondylolisthesis:  As patients age, the vertebrae in the spine naturally weaken, as well as the cartilage that surrounds them.  Many times arthritis is present and in turn, degenerative spondylolisthesis can happen.  This type is seen more often in elderly patients.

Traumatic spondylolisthesis:  This type occurs when there has been injury directly to the vertebrae.  

Pathologic spondylolisthesis:  This happens as a result of infection, disease, or tumors, which can cause deficiencies in the bone.

Iatrogenic spondylolisthesis: This can happen after surgery procedures.

Are you wondering if you’re living with spondylolisthesis or are you concerned that you may be at risk for developing this condition?

Contact Dr. Cash at Desert Institute of Spine Care for an appointment at: http://www.disclv.com.  Dr. Cash can diagnose and help you create a treatment plan that best fits you and your situation.

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